Decentralising the proprietorship of wildlife resources in Zimbabwe"s communal lands by Marshall W. Murphree

Cover of: Decentralising the proprietorship of wildlife resources in Zimbabwe

Published by Centre for Applied Social Sciences, University of Zimbabwe in [Harare] .

Written in English

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  • Zimbabwe.


  • Wildlife management -- Zimbabwe.,
  • Wildlife management -- Government policy -- Zimbabwe.,
  • Commons -- Zimbabwe.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby Marshall W. Murphree.
SeriesCASS occasional paper - NRM
LC ClassificationsSK575.Z55 M885 1990
The Physical Object
Pagination25 p. ;
Number of Pages25
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1075764M
LC Control Number93982129

Download Decentralising the proprietorship of wildlife resources in Zimbabwe"s communal lands

Decentralising the Proprietorship of Wildlife Resources in Zimbabwe's Communal Lands 1 By-Marshall W. Murphree" (Reprinted August ) * A Member of IUCN, The World Conservation Union.

** Director, Centre for Applied Social Sciences, University of Zimbabwe. Subsequently published in: Voices from Africa: Local Perspectives on Conservation. economically, through sustainable utilization.

The Wildlife sector is an important part of these natural resources. The government of Zimbabwe acknowledges this importance and has set aside more than 14% of the land as state land for biodiversity conservation. The communal lands (CAMPFIRE areas) as well as the privately owned land (Conservancies).

• Consumptive wildlife conservation in Safari areas, conservancies, private land and communal areas(Forms of Consumptive wildlife conservation include trophy/safari hunting and live sales, internal translocations) • Non-consumptive tourism is done in National Parks. and resource base.

Thirdly, a participatory organisational structure was established to permit local participation in development planning. District Councils Act The District Councils Act (amended in and ) applied to the Communal Lands, where it revived local government after the period of guerrilla insurgency.

Analysts say while the CAMPFIRE programme has the potential to become a community owned programme rooted in the culture and tradition of rural Zimbabwean society, there is need for the Government and all stakeholders to modify the existing wildlife and natural resource policies to ensure equitable access to rural communities living with : Elliot Siamonga.

wildlife resources forms the basis of the widely acclaimed Communal Area Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE). The diversity of Zimbabwe's aquatic flora and fauna is directly related to the type and distribution of its wetlands, which. The proposed technique provides a fresh approach to a known long-standing issue, offering a new source of information for farmers, researchers, wildlife managers, as well as for land managers and.

Cooperation identified the communal lands in Southern Zimbabwe, adjacent to the international borders, as priority areas. These natural resources of communal lands in the Limpopo/Save catchment basins encompassing the border of f Protect and restore the wildlife resources in the target areas by creating buffer zones and wildlife.


Phil Oxon, is a Zimbabwean national currently residing in Washington. Murphree, M.W. () Decentralising the proprietorship of wildlife resources in Zimbabwe's communal lands — an outline of central issues. Paper presented at the African Studies Association conference Conservation and Rural People, Cambridge, 13–15 September Communal Land Act () The Act defines communal lands as lands, which, prior towere designated as “tribal trust land[s].”14 The authority over these lands shifted from “traditional rulers to local authorities.” The Act states that communal land is vested in the President who is to permit it to be used and occupied in accordance.

Decentralizing the Proprietorship of Wildlife Resources in Zimbabwe's Communal Lands. Harare: Centre for Applied Social Sciences, University of Zimbabwe. Wildlife has long been Zimbabwe’s pride and is the reason why many tourists have often viewed the country as a worthwhile destination. Besides the unstable political environment that prevailed the last decade in the country, the dwindling numbers of wildlife must have also greatly contributed to the decline of the tourism industry.

Zimbabwe is facing food and water insecurity. Officially called the Republic of Zimbabwe, this Southern African country is located between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. Home to species of mammals, more than birds, and fish species, Zimbabwe is mostly grassland, but its mountains give way to tropical and hardwood forests.

Zimbabwe supports the second largest population of. The Wildlife Conservation Act was established in and has been revisited in later decades. In the s, Zimbabwe became on of the leading countries in Africa regarding wildlife conservation and management.

While still concerned with wildlife protection. Wildlife management in Zimbabwe: The CAMPFIRE programme. Murindagomo. Felix Murindagomo is Senior Ecologist, Department of National Parks and Wildlife Management, Zimbabwe. This article is an updated version of a case-study originally published in Living with wildlife, Washington, D.C., World Bank, It analyses a pilot effort aimed at conserving fragile ecosystems and increasing the.

Fortunate Gora Mash West Correspondent Zimbabwe has received more than US$10 million under the Global Environment Facility Cycle Six and US$2 million from the United Nations Development Programme for the management of natural resources, environment and wildlife, a top Government official has said.

In a speech read on his behalf by the director in the Ministry of. On commercial land, wildlife was seen as a ruse to evade taxes, while on communal land it was resented because it was a powerful democratising force eroding central authority over the people.

Success in both cases depended on individual landholder families benefiting directly in financial terms from having wildlife on their land. Access to land is central to the livelihoods of rural people, but in the communal areas this is highly constrained outside the land-extensive Lowveld site of Mwenezi.

Even in dryland Chivi average holdings are only hectares, while in Gutu North they are as small as hectares on. resource governance systems resulted in over-centralisation because they were crafted in the context of conquest and subjugation. Over the years, state visions of appropriate management and use of resources have largely been extended to the African peasant sector through a centrally-directed structure and process.

The economic potential and utilisation of wildlife in Zimbabwe B.A. CHILD * Summary: Wildlife utilisation, based on safari hunting but with meat as a by­ product, is the best economic use of some semi-arid rangelands; wildlife-based recreation is lucrative.

The communal lands, which encompass almost half of the country's land area, suffer from severe environmental degradation. The country is relatively well endowed with natural resources (forest, agricultural lands, livestock, water resources, wildlife and minerals).

Source: Human, wildlife conflict: The real story | The Herald Octo Tinashe Farawo Correspondent Z imbabwe subscribes to the principle of sustainable utilisation, not only of wildlife, but also of all its natural resources. Sustainable utilisation tries to balance conservation benefits with the needs and expectations of the people who live with wildlife in rural communities.

Land is the foundation of the lives and cultures of Indigenous peoples all over the world Without access to and respect for their rights over their lands, territories and natural resources, the survival of Indigenous peoples particular distinct cultures is threatened.

Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues Report on the Sixth Session 25 May The approach is a strategy for the management of land, water and living resources that promotes biodiversity conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way.

Zimbabwe’s Fourth National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity, VIII. Communal Lands – generally heavily populated with limited, if any, resident wildlife (some exceptions where hunting operators have created reserves within the communal areas in cooperation with locals).

Generally wildlife confined to elephant and lion, which come in from neighboring National Parks. Land classification/land use Population density and land distribution Agriculture and drought Other economic activity and employment Services and infrastructure Rural/urban linkages The administrative context.

Wildlife Highlights. The beautiful sable antelope is a Hwange special as well as brown hyena, bat-eared fox and springhare, which inhabit the Kalahari sands of the we is a good destination to see the endangered wild dog, and the nocturnal honey badger has become quite habituated in some of the parks and can sometimes be spotted around camps and campsites at night.

A number of other acts were originally made for the commercial areas, and are thus not suitable for the communal lands. Notwithstanding the above, in many respects, Zimbabwe is one of the leading countries in Africa in terms of work on the environment. [JSH4] This is reflected in the management of the wildlife.

must have secure tenure and proprietorship over their natural resources in order to be motivated to manage them sustainably. In Zimbabwe, where the central government formerly owned and managed natural resources such as wildlife in the communal lands, implementing CAMPFIRE required the.

Communal or traditional tribal areas and privately owned land were also categorised for different levels of utilisation. Communal areas harbouring significant wildlife resources or bordering national parks were given Appropriate Authority status through their Rural Councils, and as a result the Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous.

If a wildlife-based land reform model could be applied, whereby private wildlife ranches retain wildlife as a land use but a more representative ethnic profile of landowners is achieved, this.

Zimbabwe has received more than US$10 million under the Global Environment Facility Cycle Six and US$2 million from the United Nations Development Programme for the management of natural resources.

The Campfire programme was launched on communal lands in which promotes the use of local natural resources, such as wild animals, as an economically sound and sustainable land use option. The villagers benefit from their conservation efforts either directly in the form of meat, or indirectly by eco-tourism incomes.

of the entire land resettlement program, claiming that the. tendency of private landowners to go into wildlife. operations in the s actually threatened Zimbabwe’s food. security, necessitating the land-grab and redistribution.

exercise. The fact that food security was not at risk until. after the land resettlement program devastated. compulsory land acquisition for 10 years. In order to enhance a peaceful redistribution of land, the GoZ enacted laws within the limits of this constitution (such as the Communal Land Act Number 21 ofand the Land Acquisition Act Number 21 of ) aimed at facilitating a peaceful land.

Communal Land Wildlife Resources and Rural District Council Revenues. Occasional Paper Series, Centre for Applied Social Sciences. Harare, Zimbabwe, (mimeo): University of Zimbabwe. Murphree, M.

W (). The Role of Institutions in Community-Based Conservation. Mills, G., and L. Hes. The Complete Book of Southern African Mammals. Struik, Cape Town. Murphree, M.W. Decentralising the proprietorship of wildlife resources in Zimbabwe’s communal lands.

Centre for Applied Social Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Harare. Network for Environmental and Sustainable Development in Africa (NESDA), rights to the use of wildlife found on communal land.* The focus here is on farm and ranch land owned under fee-simple title.

The focus is also on Zimbabwe, reflecting the central place of that country in these developments (and the long experience of one of the authors in the field of land and natural-resource management in Zimbabwe).

To get a copy of the Forest Act, Communal land forest Produce Act and Statutory Instrument of which is the Forest (Control of Firewood, Timber and Forest Produce) Regulations visit.

Land tenure,property rights and general land use systems 6 Macro-economicstructureandpolicies 7 Socialandculturalissues 8 Environmental education/awareness 8 Politicalfactors 10 Government position on the Biodiversity Convention 10 2. CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES The wildlife of Zimbabwe occurs foremost in remote or rugged terrain, in national parks and private wildlife ranches, in miombo woodlands and thorny acacia or prominent wild fauna includes African buffalo, African bush elephant, black rhinoceros, southern giraffe, African leopard, lion, plains zebra, and several antelope species.

The introduction of the Wildlife Conservation Act of.The initiative is called the Communal Areas Management Program for Indigenous Resources, or CAMPFIRE. It was originally sponsored by several different agencies in cooperation with the Zimbabwe government, including the University of Zimbabwe's Center for Applied Study, the Zimbabwe Trust, and The Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF).

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